Vol. 10, Issue 1, June 2014.



Dejana Velikić1,Jasmina Knežević1,and Nadežda Rodić1
1Visoka škola strukovnih studija za obrazovanje vaspitača i trenera, Subotica, Srbija
College of Professional Studies for the education of teachers and coaches, Subotica, Serbia

doi: 10.5550/sgia.141001.en.005V
UDC: 159.923:796.071.2]:616.89-008.411



FULL TEXT (.pdf)

Sports anxiety, as a kind of anxiety, drives a tendency to evaluate the competition situations as threatening, and in response to this situation, there is an anxious state. As the previous research results show the link between anxiety levels and achievement, research problem is whether there is a connection between the personality traits of athletes with a degree of anxiety in athletes, as well as whether there are differences in the level of anxiety in relation to sex
of athletes, type of sports and the level of success in sport. The goal of this research is to improve understanding of the personal and situational factors associated with anxiety in athletes. The starting point was the multidimensional theory of anxiety that distinguishes somatic component of anxiety, cognitive component and confidence. The study included 90 athletes who were asked to judge the degree of sports anxiety using the CSAI-2 scale and personality traits (VP+2). The findings confirm the personality traits as predictors of somatic anxiety, with the aggressiveness being a significant predictor of somatic anxiety. Neuroticism, openness and aggressiveness emerged to be the predictors of cognitive anxiety and conscientiousness, openness and aggressiveness as predictors
of sport confidence.

Key words: multidimensional theory of anxiety, personality traits, sports anxiety.


Behzadi, F., Hamzei, M., Nori, S., & Salehian, M. H. (2011). The Relationship between goal orientation and competitive anxiety in individual and team athletes fields. Scholars Research Library, 2, 261–268.
Bridges, A., & Knight, B. (2005). The role of cognitive and somatic anxiety in athletic performance. Hanover, Germany: Hanover College.
Craft, L. L., Magyar, T. M., Becker, B. J., & Feltz, D. L. (2003). The relation between the competitive state anxiety inventory-ΙΙ and sport performance: A meta-analysis. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 25, 44–65.
Dunn, J. G. H., & Dunn, J. C. (2001). Relationships among the sport competition anxiety test, the sport anxiety scale, and the collegiate hockey worry scale. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 13(4), 411–429.
doi: 10.1080/104132001753226274
Feltz, D. (1988). Self-confidence and sport performance. Exercise and Sport Science Reviews, 16, 423–457.
doi: 10.1249/00003677-198800160-00016
Gershuny, B. S., & Sher, K. J. (1998). The relation between personality and anxiety: Findings from a 3-year prospective study. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 107(2), 252–262. doi: 10.1037/0021-843X.107.2.252 ; PMid:
Gould, D., Petlichkoff, L., & Weinberg, R. S. (1984). Antecedents of temporal changes in, and relationships between CSAI-2 subcomponents. Journal of Sport Psychology, 6, 289–304.
Hardy, L. (1996). A test of catastrophe models of anxiety and sports performance against multidimensional anxiety theory models using the method of dynamic differences. Anxiety, Stress and Coping. 9, 69–86.
Hardy, C., & Crace, K. (2009). Dealing with precompetitive anxiety. Sport Psychology Training Bulletin, 3513–3517.
doi: 10.1080/10615809608249393
Humara, M. (1999). The relationship between anxiety and performance: A cognitive behavioral perspective. The Online Journal of Sport Psychology, 1, 1–14.
Jones, G., Swain, A. B. J., & Cale, A. (1991). Gender differences in precompetition temporal patterning and antecedents of anxiety and selfconfidence. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 13, 1–15.
Kirby, R. J., & Liu, J. (1999) Precompetition anxiety in chinese athletes. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 88(1), 297–303. doi: 10.2466/pms.1999.88.1.297
Knežević, G., Radović, B., & Opačić G. (1997). Evaluacija “Big Five” modela ličnosti kroz analizu inventara ličnosti NEO PI-R [Evaluation of the »Big Five« model of personality through analysis of personality inventory NEO PI-R]. Psihologija, 30(1-2), 7–40.
Komarraju, M., Karau, S. J., & Schmeck, R. R.(2009). Role of the Big Five personality traits in predicting college students' academic motivation and achievement. Learning and Individual Differences, 19(1), 47–52.
doi: 10.1016/j.lindif.2008.07.001
Marić, M. (2010). Osobine ličnosti, životni događaji i anksioznost adolescenata [Personality traits, life events and adolescent anxiety]. Primenjena psihologija, 19(1), 39–57.
Martens, R., Burton, D., Vealey, R. S., Bump, L. A., & Smith, D. E. (1990). Development and validation of the competitive state anxiety inventory-2. In R. Martens, R.S. Vealey, & D. Burton (Eds.), Competitive Anxiety in Sport (pp. 117–190). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
Matsudaira, T., & Kitamura, T. (2006). Personality traits as risk factors of depression and anxiety among Japanese students. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 62(1), 97–109. doi: 10.1002/jclp.20215 ; PMid: 16287151
Matsumoto, D., Takeuchi, M., Nakajima, T., & Iida, E. (2000). Competition anxiety, self-confidence, personality and competition performance of american elite and non-elite judo athletes. Research Journal of Budo, 32(3), 12–21.
Middeldorp, C. M., Cath, D. C., van den Berg, M., Beem, A. L.,van Dyck, R., & Boomsma, D. I. (2006). The association of personality with anxious and depressive psychopathology. In T. Canli, (Ed.), Biology of personality and individual
differences(p.p. 254–272). New York, NY: The Guilford Press.
Pineda-Espejel, A., López-Walle, J., Rodríguez, J. T., Villanueva, M. M., & Gurrola, O. C. (2011). Precompetitive Anxiety and Self-confidence in Pan American Gymnasts. Science of Gymnastics Journal, 5(1), 39–48.
Smederevac, S., Mitrović, D., & Čolović, P. (2010). Velikih pet plus dva[The big five plus two]. Belgrade, Serbia: Centar za primenjenu psihologiju. Tran, X. (2012). Football Scores on the Big Five Personality Factors across 50 States in the U.S. Sports Medicine & Doping Studies, 2(6), 1–5.
Vujanović, S., & Tišma, M. (2011). Povezanost kompetitivne anksioznosti i efikasnosti sportista [Correlation between competitive anxiety and efficacy of athletes]. Aktuelno u praksi, 23(10), 31–41.