Vol. 9, Issue 1, June 2013.




Nenad Ponorac1, Stanislav Palija2, and Mira Popović3
1School of Medicine, University of Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina
2Institute of Physical Medcine and Rehabilitation “Dr Miroslav Zotović”, Banja Luka,
Bosnia and Herzegovina
3Institute of Occupational and Sports Medicine of The Republic of Srpska, Banja Luka,
Bosnia and Herzegovina


doi: 10.5550/sgia.130901.en.001P
UDC: 796.035-035.2



FULL TEXT (.pdf)

Regular physical activity is important for the health of both sexes. However, the physiological, anatomical, psychological and socio-cultural specificities of women require special considerations in all aspects of their sports. Puberty brings gender differences that result from different sexual functioning of endocrine axis. Despite the identical mechanisms of adaptation to physical activity, sexually mature women and men have inherited anatomical and physiological differences in body composition, aerobic capacity-building and muscle strength. In particular, it relates to the more complex female reproductive system. The female reproductive system is a functional part of the human body most sensitive to stress caused by heavy physical exertion. The most common disorders whose risk was significantly increased in physically active women are eating disorder, disturbed menstrual cycle, infertility, intimidated fractures, rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament, or even death. Mainly those are result of blunders and ignorance. Fortunately, they are largely preventable.


Key words: physical activity, eating, menstrzal cycle, intimedated fractures, female athlete triad.



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