Vol. 6, Issue 1, Jul 2010.




Milan Čoh1 i Goran Bošnjak2
1 1Fakulteta za Šport, Ljubljana, Slovenija
2 Fakultet fizičkog vaspitanja i sporta, Banja Luka, BiH


doi: 10.5550/sgia.1001028
COBISS.BH-ID 1843992
UDK: 796.1/.616.8


Sažetak / Summary   PUNI TEKST / FULL TEXT (.pdf)

Locomotor speed sprint-type is one of the most important skills, which generates the success of athletes in many sports situations. The maximum speed that a person can manifest in any kind of movement depends on a number of different factors. These factors are related to morphological and physiological characteristics, the mechanisms of power, sex, age, motility skills, inter-intramuscular coordination and optimal biomechanics of movement techniques. The development of maximum sprint speed has certain laws that relate to the level of motility abilities, morphological characteristics, the degree of biomechanical efficiency and rationality of movement, and requires very subtle inter-muscular coordination of muscle groups of the lower extremities. The primary aim of speed training is to create an optimal model of movement, which is based on the conformity of action of muscle groups. Precise control of movement is controlled by the cerebellum and the information that they arrive there, mostly through proprioreceptors which are located in the capsule and connective elements of the muscle. Since the optimum neuro-muscular coordination of the main is limiting factor for maximum speed, and that could explain the dynamics and changes in frequency and length of steps in the realization of maximum speed, it is necessary to explain the function of the central nervous system that generate muscle force. The development of maximum sprint speed is long-term process, which is related to the optimal control agonistic and antagonistic muscle groups in the structure of the sprint steps. The establishment of proper dynamic stereotype is a long process, which must have clearly defined methods and must start at an early age of young athletes.


Ključne riječi / Key words: sprint, maximum speed, neuro-muscular coordination, central nervous system.


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